Crop Diversity: Why It Matters
There is a recognized global interdependence for crop diversity in food supplies, thus, there is a need to ensure availability of this diversity through a global system of conservation. This global system includes the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, the collection held by the CGIAR Centers, National Collections such as those held by the USDA or in breeders collections, and diversity managed on-farm or in protected areas. The various pieces of the global system also include a multilateral policy framework, such as the ITPGRFA; a global information platform, such as Genesys; and a secure source of funding, such as the endowment of the Global Crop Diversity Trust. The Global Crop Diversity Trust is an Independent autonomous international organization with its Secretariat in Bonn, Germany. It has established as endowment to secure long-term funding for global ex situ conservation system with complementary short-term project funding to overcome key constraints in global conservation and use. To construct this global conservation system each unique crop sample should be housed in a genebank of international standards plus safety duplicated in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. The key collections globally must be actively managed and curated. There is a need for a global platform to share information. Timely, uncomplicated provision of quality material is critical for users. Finally, this conserved germplasm is too valuable to be neglected due to the uncertainty of annual funding cycles thus there is a need for reliable, long-term funding to support this critical global public good.