However, the boundaries between the roles of the public and private sectors have shifted significantly since the dawn of the biotechnology era and the public sector now has a much more direct role in the applied research phase of drug discovery than has previously been realized.
We show that over the past 30 years, 153 new FDA approved vaccines, drugs and/or new indications for existing drugs were discovered through research carried out in PSRI’s, consisting of 93 small molecule drugs, 36 biologics, 15 vaccines, 8 in vivo diagnostics and one over-the-counter (OTC) drug. We show that PSRI’s have had the highest impact in cancer and infectious diseases. Finally, we show that drugs discovered by PSRI’s have a disproportionately high therapeutic impact. Of the1,541 total FDA approvals in the period 1990-2007, 9.3% resulted from PSRI’s. Of NME’s which received priority review over this period, 21.1% resulted from PSRI’s.