Borlaug’s Impact on World Agriculture: Will There Be a Second Green Revolution?

Friday, February 18, 2011: 1:30 PM-4:30 PM
140A (Washington Convention Center )
Dr. Norman Borlaug, who is widely credited as the Father of the Green Revolution, died in 2009. This symposium is in his honor. His wheat varieties were widely adapted to most wheat production areas of the world. In the mid-1960s, Pakistan and India were importing massive amounts of wheat, and Paul Ehrlich's Population Bomb predicted massive famines. After adopting Borlaug’s wheat varieties, Pakistan became self-sufficient in wheat production in 1969 and India in 1972. Similar events occurred with rice and maize production. The result is that crop production increased many times on the same land area, sparing land for other uses. The world’s present population of more than 6.5 billion is expected to peak at more than 9.5 billion by about 2050. The overwhelming question is, How will we increase crop and livestock production to feed this large population? One of the less recognized benefits of the first green revolution is the land spared for nature, pasture, range, forestry, etc. If crop yields had not increased so dramatically, the land spared would have been dramatically reduced. This symposium reviews what has happened in the past and what must happen in the future to increase crop production. How do we feed the future population of the world and do it sustainably? Speakers discuss the contribution of the first green revolution and research, education, and policy needs. All three areas were important in the first green revolution and will be even more important in the future.
Edward Runge, Texas A&M University
Ronald L. Phillips, University of Minnesota
Edward Runge, Texas A&M University
Ronald L. Phillips, University of Minnesota
Norman Borlaug and the Future of the Green Revolution
Usha Barwale-Zehr, Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company Limited
Educating Farmers, the Public, and Policy-Makers
Mark W. Rosegrant, International Food Policy Research Institute
Global Food Security to 2050: Trade-Offs and A Food Production Road Map
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