Evolutionary Biology Impacts on Medicine and Public Health

Sunday, February 14, 2016: 1:30 PM-4:30 PM
Marshall Ballroom West (Marriott Wardman Park)
Evolutionary biology – our own, as well as that of microbial and cancer cells – is fundamental to solving problems in modern medicine and public health, such as the emergence of resistance to therapy, the search for effective therapies and preventions, and the rise in chronic disease. In some situations, applying evolutionary principles can reduce the spread or severity of illness or slow the emergence of resistance to therapy. In other situations, such as reproduction, sepsis, or dental disease, our evolutionary history may make us vulnerable to disorders. Speakers in this cross-cutting session include anthropologists, biologists, and physician-scientists who are using evolutionary principles to address health, optimal environments, vulnerability to disease, and treatment options across the human life cycle.
Cynthia Beall, Case Western Reserve University
Randolph Nesse, Arizona State University
Pascal Gagneux, University of California, San Diego
Assisted Reproductive Technologies: Evolution of Human Niche Construction?
Andrea Graham, Princeton University
Why Do Immune Systems Harm Their Bearers?
Robert A. Gatenby, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute
Cancer Treatment As Pest Management: Exploiting Evolutionary Dynamics to Optimize Therapy
Christina Warinner, University of Oklahoma
The Evolution and Ecology of Our Microbial Self
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