Future Climate Change and Its Impact on Clean and Debris-Covered Glaciers
I will focus on the applications of modeling techniques, which involve both global and regional models. Applications include numerical simulations for both Canadian Rocky Mountain glaciers as well as the considerable glaciers of the Himalaya, our world’s “Third Pole”. The Himalayan glaciers are influenced by the changing monsoon as well as the evolving El Niño Southern Oscillation. New techniques for interactive modeling of glaciers with their environment will be introduced. Results indicate that an initial gain in mass balance for the glaciers through enhanced snowfall will be overrun by the temperature increase within the next six decades, suggesting that only ice masses at the highest elevations will survive this century.