Quantum Correlations in a Noisy Neutron Interferometer

Sunday, 15 February 2015: 1:30 PM-4:30 PM
Room 230A (San Jose Convention Center)
Dmitry Pushin, Institute for Quantum Computing, Waterloo, ON, Canada
We investigate quantum coherences in the presence of noise by entangling the spin and path degrees of freedom of the output neutron beam from a noisy three-blade perfect crystal neutron interferometer. We find that in the presence of dephasing noise on the path system the entanglement of the output state reduces to zero, however the quantum discord remains non-zero for all noise values. Hence even in the presence of strong noise non-classical correlations persist between spin and path of the neutron beam. This indicates that measurements performed on the spin of the neutron beam will induce a disturbance on the path state. We experimentally demonstrate this disturbance by comparing the contrasts of the output beam with and without spin measurements of three neutron interferometers with varying noise strengths. This demonstrates that even in the presence of noise that suppresses all entanglement, a neutron interferometer still exhibits uniquely quantum behaviour.